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  Ethno Cultural Dictionary
[Bumïn qaγan] Бұмын қаған
Bumun kagan (542 - 552), the founder of the Turkic El (Empire). TheKagan’s official title: El qaγan. Father’s name: Tubu (the Senior Yabgu). Own name: Elik?. When Bumun kagan commanded over 10 thousand army, his title in Chinese sources was T’u-men > Tümen/ba š ï/ (lit. A commander of 10 000 army). When he became famous and ordered over 100 thousand army of Turkic empire, his title was «Ili kehan». Amount of heavily armed cavalry of the Turk Empire reached 1 million at that time. Bumun kagan had entitled Turkic official title El qaγan > the Nation’s kagan.
The title «Touman» of Hun khanate had the same meaning as «Tumen». Old Turkic “tüm+on> tümen> tumen” means «ten thousand» (then “tümen mï ŋ” means «thousand times thousand, i.e. one million, a lot of, many» [Divanü lugat-it-Türk, I.402])
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This word is found in following inscriptions
Күлтегiн ғұрыптық кешені және бiтiктасы
1

Öze Kök: Teŋіri132 : asïra: yaγïz: Jer: qïlïntaquda: ekin ara: kisi: oγulï: qïlïnmïs: kisi: oγulïnta: öze: ečüm apam: Bumïn qaγan133 :Estemi qaγan134 :olurmïš: olurupan: Türük: budunïγ: Elin: törüsün: tuta: bermis: iti: bermis:

When the blue sky above and the brown earth below were created, between them a human being was created. Over the human beings, my ancestors Bumin Kagan and Istemi Kagan ruled. They ruled people by Turkish laws, they led them and succeeded.
Бiлге қаған ғұрыптық кешені және бітіктасы
3

kisi: oγulïnta: öze: ečüm apam: Bumïn qaγan: Estemi qaγan: olurmïš: olurupan: Türük: budunïŋ: Elin: törüsіn: tuta bermis: iti bermis: törüt: buluŋ: qop: yaγï ermis: sü sülepen: törüt: buluŋdaqï: budunïγ:(qop almïš: qop baz qïlmïs:)bašlïγïγ: jüküntürmüs: tizеligig:(sökürmüs: ilgerü: Qadïrqan: Jïšqa tegi: keri)

My ancestors Bumyn kagan and Istemi kagan were above these human beings. They ruled the nation by Turkic laws, they developed them. In battles they subdued the nations of all four sides of the world and suppressed them. They made those who had heads bow their heads, and who had knees genuflect them! In the east up to Kadyrkhan common people,
See also Old Turk and Kazak dictionary.
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The basic idea of creating the electronic historical and cultural fund was based on issue of The Oriental Studies Section of The Institute of Oriental Studies named after Suleimenov in 2005 under the govermental program "Cultural Heritage": "Қазақстан тарихы туралы түркі деректемелері" сериясының 2-томы Н.Базылхан "Көне түрік бітіктастары мен ескерткіштері (Орхон, Енисей, Талас)" Алматы: Дайк-Пресс. 2005, 252 б. +144 бет жапсырма.
Chief Editors:
doctor of history sciences Prof. M.Abuseitova
doctor of philology sciences Prof. B.Bukhatuly.
We appreciate The Director of The Institute of Oriental Studies Meruert Abuseitova for her help.

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