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  Ethno Cultural Dictionary
[balbal] балбал
This word consists from bal + bal (to beat, hammer, drive) > balbal two repeating words. Means «signs made by driving in a chain of erected stones». Words balγa ( aGLB a balga-hammer), balta ( aTLB balta - an axe), balïq ( kLB 1. balshyq - clay, batpaq - clay, bark - a dirt 2. qala - a city, qorgan - a fortress, qamal - a fortress) have identical roots with the word balbal.
Balbals of the El Etmish Yabgu memorial complex. The Ongin river, Mongolia. Balbals of the «Ider» memorial complex . Mongolia, the river Tseets ‰‰ х.
Балбалы memorial complex the Ale етмиш йабгу. Балбал with a sign «Тауешкі - a mountain goat». One of балбалов поминального complex Bilge kagan’s. Mongolia, the river Orkhon.
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This word is found in following inscriptions
Ел етміш (Білге атачым) Йабғұның ғұрыптық кешенi және бiтiктастары
3

alp: erіn: balbal: qïsdï: Türük budun: atï yoq: bolu: barmïš: erti: Türük budun: jіtmezin: tejin: yoluq ermezin: tejin: öze: Teŋіri: ter er/mis: .../

The line of memorial stones (balbals) was put to the honor of the Great soldier. The name of Turkic people disappeared. Not to become orphans, not to become a light bag for enemies, Tengri told in the sky: …
Күлтегiн ғұрыптық кешені және бiтiктасы
16

törüg: qаzγanïp: uča: barmïs: аqaŋïm: qaγanqa: bašlayu: Baz qaγanïγ: balbal: tikmis: ol törüde: öze: ečüm qaγan: olurtï: ečüm qaγan: olurupan: Türük: budunïγ: ječe іtdi: іgіti: čïγaŋïγ/: bay: qïltï: azïγ: üküš: qïltï:/

after he had founded (such a great) empire and gained power, passed away (lit.: 'went flying'). Balbals erected for my father, the kagan, were first erected from Baz Kagan's balbals. My uncle succeeded to the throne then. My uncle, the kagan, organized and nourished Turkish people anew. He made poor people rich and few people numerous.
Бiлге қаған ғұрыптық кешені және бітіктасы
13

jeti: yolï: sülemiš: jegirmi: süŋüš: süŋüsmiš: Teŋіri: yarïlqaduq üčün: elligig: elsіretmiš: qaγanlïγïγ: qaγansïratmïš: yaγïγ: baz qïlmïs: tizelіgig: sükürmiš: bašlïγïγ: jüküntümiš: qaŋïm: (qaγan ... törüg: qаzγanïp: uča: barmïs: )аqaŋïm: (qaγanqa: bašlayu: Baz qaγanïγ: balbal: tikmis: ...)

and engaged in twenty battles. By the grace of Tengri, he took the realm of those who had had a realm, and captured the kagan of those who had a kagan; he subjugated enemies. He made powerful enemies kneel and proud ones to bow. My father, the kagan, after he had founded (such a great) empire and gained power, passed away (lit.: 'went flying'). Balbals for my father, the kagan, were first erected from Baz Kagan's balbals. When my father died
See also Old Turk and Kazak dictionary.
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The basic idea of creating the electronic historical and cultural fund was based on issue of The Oriental Studies Section of The Institute of Oriental Studies named after Suleimenov in 2005 under the govermental program "Cultural Heritage": "Қазақстан тарихы туралы түркі деректемелері" сериясының 2-томы Н.Базылхан "Көне түрік бітіктастары мен ескерткіштері (Орхон, Енисей, Талас)" Алматы: Дайк-Пресс. 2005, 252 б. +144 бет жапсырма.
Chief Editors:
doctor of history sciences Prof. M.Abuseitova
doctor of philology sciences Prof. B.Bukhatuly.
We appreciate The Director of The Institute of Oriental Studies Meruert Abuseitova for her help.

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